francis drake facts

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This included his incursion into the Pacific Ocean, until then an area of exclusive Spanish interest, and his claim to New Albion for England, an area in what is now the American state of California. Interesting Facts about Sir Francis Drake 1. Follow us on Twitter, Your email address will not be published. Francis received little schooling. He stole from the Spanish for Queen Elizabeth I, was the first person to complete a circumnavigation of the globe while remaining Captain from beginning to end, and even spent time as a politician. Francis Drake became famous as being the first person to circumnavigate the world in a single expedition. He opened the Pacific Ocean to English ships. Drake’s second wife was called Elizabeth Sydenham – and their marriage lasted from 1585 to 1596. Site Map. Sir Francis Drake was born in 1540 and died in 1596, aged 56. Expert navigator and Elizabethan hero, pirate and slave trader: learn 10 quick facts about Francis Drake. 1. Sir Francis Drake was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe. He died on January 28, 1596, Portobelo, Colón, Panama. Due to persecution, a situation known as the ‘Prayer Book Rebellion’ caused Drake’s family to move from Devon to Kent. Loved by the English people (and possibly even the Queen herself), Drake […] Francis Drake was born sometime between 1540 and 1544 in Tavistock, England. https://www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/francis-drake Once taken, however, Drake didn’t stay to defend the island because no one paid him to do so. Elizabeth commissioned Drake to lead an exhibition against the Spanish colonies on the Pacific coast of America. Vice Admiral Sir Francis Drake (1540 – 27 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, navigator, slaver, and politician of the Elizabethan era.He was born in Tavistock and grew up in Kent where he learned to be a sailor. During this voyage he also rescued the failed colonists at Roanoke. The Golden Hind could make a speed of 8 knots. Drake’s conduct as a young apprentice to a ship master was so impressive that the master later gave him his ship! He wanted to learn his brother's cause of death as this unknown disease was ravaging his ship. Sir Francis Drake, (born c. 1540–43, Devonshire, England—died January 28, 1596, at sea, off Puerto Bello, Panama), English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (1577–80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. 1. His strict but fair control of his ship meant his crew were loyal and confident. He reportedly quipped that there was ‘ample. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon, England, sometime between 1540 and 1544. Take a look below for 30 more interesting and bizarre facts about Francis Drake. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer and slave trader who earned a reputation for his privateering, or piracy, against Spanish ships and possessions. Sir Francis Drake Facts 42. In 1595, an aging Sir Francis Drake set off on a final voyage to prowl the West Indies. Write for us | 2:10. Numerous dives have been attempted to locate the lead coffin, but his body remains lost at sea. (The first person, Magellan, died while on the trip) Although a man in historical fact, Drake appears as a woman in this work. Article media libraries that feature this video: Buccaneer, Sir Francis Drake, Privateer, History of Spain, England, Battle of Cadiz, Letter of marque Transcript Adventurer, admiral, pirate, explorer and the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe - Sir Francis Drake was the most ingenious captain of the 16th century. Even to this day, we have no idea when Drake was born. Drake’s circumnavigation of the globe was also a secret pirate mission sanctioned by Queen Elizabeth against the Spanish. Some years later Drake took a municipal contract to reconstruct a shallow canal bringing water to the town. A pub in Gloucester named the ‘Pelican Inn’ claims it was built using timbers originating from Drake’s Golden Hind. He launched his music career in 2006 with the release of his mix tape “Room for Improvement”. Early Life. They also attacked Portuguese slave ships in order to steal their human ‘cargo’. Sir Francis Drake Facts 42. The diary aided Nathan Drake greatly in tracking down the treasure of El Dorado. Learn more about the origins of the transatlantic slave trade. Drake’s exact birth has not been recorded. 41. 1569, Francis Drake married a Cornish woman named Mary Newman. He first sailed as a purser at the age of 18, and quickly rose through the ranks. 1569, Francis Drake married a Cornish woman named Mary Newman. The Random Vibez. … In Spain, he was famously referred to as the “El Draque” and “Franciscus Draco” which figuratively mean “Francis the Dragon.” Early Years Drake Historians speculate that he was born between 1540 to 1544. Apr 27, 2015. This was due to numerous raids he made against Spanish ships and settlements on his voyages. He was the oldest of the twelve sons of Edmund and Mary Drake. Francis Drake was … Discover Britain’s emergence as a maritime nation through key events and personalities of the 16th and 17th centuries. Francis Drake was the oldest child of Edmund Drake, a farmer from a prosperous peasant family in Tavistock, Devon, in southwestern England. He is most well-known for being the second person to circumnavigate the world in one expedition. It seems you just couldn’t tear the man away from the, A famously recorded incident recounts how, when playing a game of bowls, Drake was interrupted as he was warned the Spanish fleet was on the approach. Sir Francis Drake was an English sea captain, slave trader, and privateer of the Elizabethan era. William Hawkins was a wealthy and powerful merchant whose ships traded in the Can… His parents were Edmund Drake, a farmer at the estate of Lord Francis Russell, and Mary Mylwaye. Newton died 12 years later in 1581 and in 1585 Drake … Others think of him in a not-so-friendly light. His daring adventures at sea helped to establish England's naval supremacy over Spain and other European nations. These were coupled with a tactical mind suited to making the most of weather conditions and coastal features. Guesses on his birth year (based on artifacts or historical hearsay) include 1540, 1539, and 1544. Francis Drake was born to Edmund Drake in Devonshire England. Sir Francis Drake facts. Discover Britain’s emergence as a maritime nation through key events and personalities of the 16th and 17th centuries. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon. Some Spanish mariners were so afraid of Drake that they believed he practised witchcraft. He was famed after sailing around the globe the second person in recorded history to do so. Drake’s ship was impressively speedy. When he landed in what is now California in the United States, Drake named it Nova Albion (new England)! His ship was originally called the Pelican, but was renamed Golden Hind, sometimes spelled the Golden Hinde. Thomas Cavendish (1560-92), Sir Francis Drake (1540-96) and Sir John Hawkins (1532-95), Launch of fireships against the Spanish Armada, 7 August 1588. Your email address will not be published. It was 102 feet (31 meters) long. Francis Drake has 5 siblings in His family: Edward Drake, John Drake, Thomas Drake, Joseph Drake, Elizabeth Drake. Expert navigator and Elizabethan hero, pirate and slave trader: learn 10 quick facts about Francis Drake. Much of his reputation was derived from legend, however, as his life was dedicated to self-aggrandizement. A Few Key Facts About Francis Drake by Duane Van Dieman Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, England, 15 miles north of Plymouth, around the year 1541. At the behest of the English government, he selected his own crew and ship, which berthed at Plymouth. His father was a minister for the navy and Francis grew up near the sea. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Francis Drake was an influential English sea captain, trader, explorer, politician, and privateer of the Elizabethan Era. Drake contracted dysentery as the disappointing voyage wore on, and on January 28, 1596, he died at sea off Portobello. Newton died 12 years later in 1581 and in 1585 Drake married again. His fleet was gunning for Spanish treasure, but an early attack on San Juan, Puerto Rico was repulsed, as was a second raid on Panama. Francis Drake was born on July 13, 1540 (age 56) in the Tavistock, England. He completed the second global circumnavigation from 1577 to 1580. None were lucky enough to win the prize, He lived in ‘Buckland Abbey,’ a Manor based in Devon. Elizabeth appointed Lord Charles Howard of Effingham commander of her fleet and gave Drake, Hawkins, and Martin Frobisher immediately subordinate posts. Paid for it all and water in the city for first time since the Romans was the result. Born between 1540 and 1544 in Devonshire, England, Sir Francis Drake was the son of a tenant farmer on the estate of Lord Francis Russell, earl of Bedford. Young Francis … His first wife was Mary Newman, who he remained married to from 1569 to 1581. This was during a battle in the harbour at Palma on Drake’s raid on the West Indies. His fiancee is Elizabeth Sydenham (m. 1585–1596), Mary Newman (m. 1569–1581). He stole gold and silver and cargo from other ships! He was the oldest of twelve other sons, and his father was a farmer by profession. Sir Francis Drake is one of England’s best-known sailors. Your support is vital to our work as a charity, helping us to care for your... Four new galleries at the National Maritime Museum. Drake’s exact birth has not been recorded. However, it wasn’t the only ship Drake sailed – as you, The Spanish nicknamed Sir Francis Drake ‘El Drague’, meaning ‘The. His nationality is English. Nathan Drake, a self-proclaimed descendant of Francis Drake, found the diary inside the explorer's empty coffin at sea, proving his theory that his supposed ancestor had faked his death. Drake advocated a strong preventive blow at Philip's unprepared Armada and received permission to strike. 11906. Drake is a Toronto-born rap star known for hit songs like Take Care, One Dance and Hotline Bling. Key Facts & Information Early Life. He fled his native county after being charged for “assault and robbery” in 1548. Free Entry. His voyages were classified as “the Queen’s secrets of the Realm.”  The Queen made Drake and other participants of his voyages swear to secrecy all information related to their travels, on pain of death. Drake was married twice. It’s. Drake is famous for discovering that it was possible to, Built in 1577, Drake’s flagship was called ‘The Golden Hind’, but was originally called ‘The. T… 33 Facts About Francis Drake. 31 Fascinating Facts about Sir Francis Drake His expedition inaugurated an era of conflict with the Spanish on the western coast of the Americas, an are… He is thought to have been named after his Godfather, Francis Russell, who was once the Earl of Bedford. Even to this day, we have no idea when Drake was born. One cannon ball 'strake atwixt our Generalls legges' (BL, Harley MS 2202, fol. Sir Francis Drake, English admiral who circumnavigated the globe (1577–80) and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. His reputation with the Spanish frustrated them – and a reward of 20,000 Ducats was offered to anyone able to capture the resilient Sir Francis Drake. Someday he would make his fortune and fame at sea. Upon becoming Vice Admiral in 1588, Drake was responsible for the English fleet, having helmed them in action in battle against the Spanish. Francis Drake Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. He was the oldest of 12 sons. The first potatoes to reach England were most likely brought by the Spanish by the 1570s (a decade before Drake’s travels). 3 years later, his third mix tape earned him critical and commercial success, and the following year, he released his first album. Faithful Father Drake is best known for his circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon, sometime around 1540 as the son of a farmer. Francis Drake was the first great figure in human history to survive a trip around the world. … He was introduced to ships from a young age. In … His parents were Edmund Drake, a farmer at the estate of Lord Francis Russell, and Mary Mylwaye. In April 1587 he recklessly sailed into Cadiz and destroyed or captured 37 enemy ships. English navigator and ship captain The English navigator Sir Francis Drake was the first of his countrymen to sail around the world. While still a young boy, he was sent to live with relatives, the Hawkins family, in the nearby town of Plymouth on England's southwest coast. There, Drake’s father was ordained to become a Vicar, ministering to Naval personnel. 1. Privacy Policy | 2. tonsoffacts.com/30-interesting-and-bizarre-facts-about-francis-drake He was buried in a lead coffin, dressed in a full suit of armour. He also helped defeat the Armada , the fleet (group of ships) that Spain sent to conquer England. In his lifetime, Francis Drake had a diary which contained a lot of information pertaining to his various adventures as an explorer. Francis Drake was the first English explorer to sail around the world. Francis Drake was an English sea merchant, pirate, and politician. Early Years. Francis Drake was an English naval hero and explorer who was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world (1577–1580) and was vice admiral of the fleet that destroyed the Spanish Armada (1588). It also helped prove that the Earth was round. 2. He went to work for a sea captain at a young age and found his home living and working on a ship. In 1577, on a … Sir Francis Drake, the famous circumnavigator of the globe and politician of the Elizabethan era, died at sea in late January, 1596. It’s amazing what he accomplished in such a short life! Edmund Drake was a tenant farmer for Francis Russell, 2nd Earl of Bedford. Francis Drake’s burial at sea off Portobello – 1883 bronze plaque by Joseph Boehm #10 Sir Francis Drake was the most famous seaman of his age. Drake also became mayor of Plymouth in 1581. During the colonial era in Europe, the word “hero” was often used to describe the explorers that found new lands for the crown. Sir Francis Drake was an Elizabethan sailor and navigator, born sometime between the years 1540 and 1544 in a place called Travistock in England. This business arrangement has given rise to the myth that Francis Drake brought the first supply of water to the inhabitants of Plymouth. Drake carried out the second circumnavigation (First was Ferdinand Magellan) of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580, and was the first to complete the voyage as captain while leading the expedition throughout the entire circumnavigation. He is a celebrity explorer. Drake was rumoured to be in league with the devil and to possess a magic mirror that allowed him to see the location of all the ships in the sea. Learn more about Drake in … Scores of divers and historian… However, he did return to England with tobacco and potatoes on the conclusion of his 1586 voyage to America. Sir Francis Drake was an English slave trader, ship commander, and politician of the Elizabethan era. Historians speculate that he was born between 1540 to 1544. Francis Drake had previously set out to find the statue himself, and his diary contained detailed logs and clues that Natha… Sir Francis Drake was happy to retire .Help build defenses and bring in a proper water system in Plymouth Devon. https://www.projectbritain.com/calendar/September/drake.html Some love Sir Francis Drake. She is recorded as having sometimes scolded his ‘cavalier’ attitude, but privately, she was known to admire his determination and mischievous sense of humor. 0. Young, female and powerful: Was Elizabeth I a feminist. Francis Drake was one of the first explorers of the colonial era to reach up into what would be the Pacific Northwest in the United States. Drake carried out his famous circumnavigation between the years 1577 and 1580. 2. Sir Francis Drake had many successes and even a few failures. Only Queen Elizabeth I and Drake knew the exact amount he looted on his circumnavigation. The family owned a sheep farm and Edmund was also a part time Protestant preacher. He is also famous because of his victory against the Spanish Armada and being the first Englishman to have circumnavigated the globe. These fun facts about the man show why he has become one of the leading figures of adventure during the European colonial era. Find us on Facebook Drake was basically a pirate. With over 1... Visit the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich. However, this was despite the fact it weighed an incredible 120 tons! His father, Robert Drake, later became a preacher and raised his twelve children as Protestants (followers of the Christian religion who are not part of the Roman Catholic Church). That is because no one around Drake saw her as a woman. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer involved in piracy and illicit slave trading who became the second person ever to circumnavigate the globe. He was the oldest of twelve other sons, and his father was a farmer by profession. He also plundered over £100,000 of gold, silk and spices. How Old Are You? He was born in a city in Devon, England known as Tavistock. He was one of the most famous men in Elizabethan times. For his gallant services and for the achievement of the globe’s circumnavigation, Francis Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth in 1581. How Old Are You? 10 Interesting Facts About Sir Francis Drake. Interesting Facts about Sir Francis Drake. Sir Francis Drake by Marcus Gheeraerts (1591) and the Armada Portrait of Queen Elizabeth I. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon in around 1540 and went to sea at an early age. He is thought to have been named after his Godfather, Francis Russell, who was once the Earl of Bedford. What is known is that he was born in Tavistock, England. He was born in a city in Devon, England known as Tavistock. 1. Francis Drake’s burial at sea off Portobello – 1883 bronze plaque by Joseph Boehm #10 Sir Francis Drake was the most famous seaman of his age. Facts about Francis Drake’s Role in Defeating the Spanish Armada In 1587 Sir Francis Drake sailed to Spain to fight the Spanish as it was thought that they were preparing a to invade England with a massive fleet. Francis Drake was the first of twelve sons of Edmund Drake and Mary Mylwaye. Discover more about Sir Francis Drake and pirates at the Pigott Family Gallery: Tudor and Stuart Seafarers, one of the four new galleries at the National Maritime Museum. Soon he was a shipmaster (captain).Elizabeth I awarded Drake a knighthood in 1581 which he received on the Golden Hind in Deptford. Drake was a privateer, which meant that he was given permission by the crown to raid enemy ships and cargoes. In 1595, a series of failures reduced his capacity for battle, and it was reported that his ‘strong will alone kept many loyal to him, willing to risk their lives’. In 1589, Drake sailed to Spain for a lengthy and bloody battle, resulting in approximately 20,000 deaths and the destruction of 20 ships. Guesses on his birth year (based on artifacts or historical hearsay) include 1540, 1539, and 1544. Drake attended the Houses of Parliament as ‘Member’ representing Camelford and, later, Bassinet. Abbey, ’ a Manor based in Devon, England s second was. 1587 he recklessly sailed into Cadiz and destroyed or captured 37 enemy ships settlements. ’ a Manor based in Devon, England, sometime between 1540 and 1544 to a ship famed after around... 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